What is Taekwondo?
Taekwondo is a Korean martial art that focuses on head-hight kicks, jumping and spinning kicks and fast kicking techniques. This sport has its roots in various Korean forms of martial arts stretching back more than 2000 years.
The name certainly translates as the way of the foot and the fist – the art of kick, punching and unarmed combat.
“Tae” intends to break or attack with the foot.
“Kwon” means to break with the fist.
“Do” interprets as the art or way.
Taekwondo concentrates on combining combat techniques and self-defence and an excellent form of exercise mixed with fun as an art.
As a sport, it has over 70 million practitioners across the world. It originates from South Korea, where the world governing body, the World Taekwondo (WT), is currently based.
In Taekwondo, attacking and defensive movements, including punching, kicking and blocking techniques, and differing stances are done in a set series and is referred to as Poomsae. These basic movements bring together all the martial art skills in a graceful yet powerful manner.
Poomsae forms are a significant part of Taekwondo’s promotion process, and practitioners must demonstrate a good understanding of the forms before they can progress to the next grade.
The Five Tenets
All good Martial Artists and Taekwondo practitioners live by the code of ethics and are expected at all times to maintain the five tenets of Taekwondo.
- Etiquette – Know how to behave.
- Modesty – Never show-off.
- Perseverance – Keep on trying.
- Self-control – Ability to control your behaviour and actions
- Indomitable spirit – Never give up.
The five tenets are a guide for a student’s behaviour – inside and outside the dojang. One’s character is built on these values, so the students need to take some time thinking about applying these to their daily lives – everything they do, how they interact with other people.
Always be honest, respectful, polite, and kind to others. Think positively, motivate and respect yourself and others. Be forgiving and understanding. Stand up for what is right. Keep it going and be patient even in the face of difficulty.
The Grading Syllabus
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Taegeuk Poomsae (coloured belts)
Taegeuk Poomsae @Taekwondo4Fitness
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