Poomsae Referee Rules in World Taekwondo

Poomsae Referee Rules In World Taekwondo

Poomsae Referee Rules in World Taekwondo

Table of Contents

Introduction to Poomsae Rules and Regulations

Poomsae, a core discipline of Taekwondo, encompasses sequences of predetermined movements executed in a specific sequence. Competitions are adjudicated following the comprehensive poomsae rules and regulations set by World Taekwondo, ensuring standardization and fairness across the board.

Referee Roles and Responsibilities

In the realm of poomsae, referees have pivotal roles, which include:
  • Implementing fair and impartial adjudication in line with poomsae rules and regulations.
  • Adhering to the standardized criteria established by World Taekwondo.
  • Objectively assessing each participant’s execution and technique.
  • Awarding scores based on accuracy, technique, and presentation quality.
  • Evaluating the difficulty of the performed poomsae sequences.
  • Offering constructive insights to aid competitors’ improvement.

Judging Criteria in Poomsae

The framework for evaluating poomsae performances includes:
  • Accuracy: The precision of movements in accordance with poomsae standards.
  • Technique: The proficiency and control exhibited throughout the performance.
  • Presentation: The overall delivery, including the rhythm, speed, and expression.
  • Difficulty: The complexity and execution challenge of the poomsae sequence.

Poomsae Scoring System

Poomsae competitions employ a scoring scale from 1 to 10, where 10 signifies perfection.
  • A panel of judges reviews and scores each performance, considering accuracy, technique, presentation, and difficulty.
  • To derive the final score, the highest and lowest scores are excluded, and the median scores are averaged.
  • The competitor achieving the highest cumulative score is awarded the victory.

Code of Conduct for Referees

A strict code of conduct governs poomsae referees, emphasizing:
  • Professionalism and impartiality throughout the competition.
  • Equitable and respectful treatment of all participants.
  • Avoidance of bias or discriminatory behavior.
  • Commitment to upholding World Taekwondo’s poomsae rules and regulations.

Conclusion

Poomsae referees play an integral role in maintaining the integrity and spirit of Taekwondo competitions. By strictly adhering to the established poomsae rules and regulations, they foster an environment of respect, fairness, and excellence among competitors.

Introduction to Poomsae in Taekwondo

Poomsae is a fundamental discipline in Taekwondo that involves performing a sequence of predetermined movements, including kicks, punches, and blocks, in a specific order. Poomsae is often referred to as “the art of form” and is an essential component of Taekwondo training.

Purpose of Poomsae

The purpose of poomsae is to help practitioners develop their technique, balance, focus, and mental discipline. Practising poomsae helps Taekwondo students refine their movements, improve their timing and rhythm, and gain a deeper understanding of the principles and philosophies of Taekwondo.

Poomsae Competitions

Poomsae competitions are a popular aspect of Taekwondo, allowing practitioners to showcase their skills and compete against other athletes. Poomsae competitions are judged by referees who evaluate each competitor’s performance according to the strict rules and guidelines of World Taekwondo.

Poomsae Referee Rules

Poomsae referees are crucial in ensuring fair and impartial judging of poomsae competitions. They are responsible for upholding the rules and regulations set forth by World Taekwondo, making objective assessments of each competitor’s performance, and providing constructive feedback to help competitors improve their skills.

Conclusion

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Explore Essential Taekwondo Textbooks

The Explanation Of Official Taekwondo Poomsae (Korean-English)

Delve into the intricacies of Taekwondo Poomsae with “The Explanation Of Official Taekwondo Poomsae (Korean-English)” by Il-pil Kang. This paperback edition, published on January 1, 2007, provides invaluable insights into the essence of Poomsae.

 

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The Explanation of Official Taekwondo Poomsae II: Taekwondo Basics

Advance your Taekwondo journey with “The Explanation of Official Taekwondo Poomsae II: Taekwondo Basics” by Ikpil Kang. This Korean Edition paperback, published on December 1, 2016, deepens your understanding of fundamental techniques.

 

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Referee Roles and Responsibilities in Poomsae Competitions

Poomsae referees are critical in ensuring the fair and impartial judging of poomsae competitions. Their roles and responsibilities include:

Providing Fair and Impartial Judging

The primary responsibility of poomsae referees is to ensure that each competitor receives a fair and impartial evaluation of their performance. This requires referees to approach each performance objectively and to evaluate each competitor based on their performance rather than any external factors.

Upholding Rules and Regulations

Poomsae referees are responsible for upholding the rules and regulations set forth by World Taekwondo. This includes ensuring that competitors adhere to the proper uniform and equipment requirements and that each performance follows the guidelines and rules of the competition.

Making Objective Assessments

Referees must make objective assessments of each competitor’s performance. This requires them to evaluate each performance based on its accuracy, technique, presentation, and difficulty level. They must also consider the overall quality of the performance and how well it conforms to the guidelines and rules of the competition.

Awarding Points

Poomsae referees are responsible for determining and awarding accuracy, technique, and presentation points. They must also consider the difficulty level of each competitor’s poomsae sequence and award additional points for performing more challenging movements.

Providing Feedback

Referees play an essential role in helping competitors improve their skills by providing constructive feedback. They can offer suggestions on improving accuracy, technique, and presentation and offer guidance on performing more challenging movements correctly.

Conclusion

Poomsae referees are critical in ensuring the fair and impartial judging of poomsae competitions. By upholding the rules and regulations set forth by World Taekwondo, making objective assessments, awarding points, and providing constructive feedback, they help to promote a culture of respect and fairness in the sport of Taekwondo.

Judging Criteria for Poomsae Competitions

Poomsae competitions are judged based on specific criteria that assess each competitor’s performance. The judging criteria for poomsae competitions include the following:

Accuracy

Accuracy is a crucial factor in poomsae competitions. Judges evaluate the extent to which a competitor performs each movement correctly, including the correct positioning of the feet and hands, the correct execution of kicks and strikes, and the proper balance and stance.

Technique

The level of skill and control demonstrated by the competitor during the performance is evaluated under the technique criterion. Judges look at the competitor’s overall execution, including the movements’ fluidity, precision, and gracefulness, as well as their ability to maintain control throughout the sequence.

Presentation

Presentation is a critical factor that judges evaluate, including the rhythm, tempo, and expression of the performance. Judges consider how well the competitor communicates the essence of the poomsae through their performance and how well they engage with the audience.

Difficulty

The difficulty criterion evaluates the complexity and challenge of the performed poomsae sequence. Judges assess the competitor’s ability to perform advanced techniques and movements, as well as their ability to execute transitions smoothly and maintain proper balance and control.

Conclusion

Poomsae competitions are judged based on specific criteria that assess each competitor’s performance. The primary factors that judges evaluate to determine the winner are the accuracy, technique, presentation, and difficulty of the poomsae sequence. By evaluating these criteria objectively, judges ensure that the competition remains fair and impartial and the best competitor wins.

 

Scoring System for Poomsae Competitions

The scoring system used in poomsae competitions is based on a scale of 1 to 10, with 10 being the highest score possible. The scoring system works as follows:

Evaluation by judges

A panel of judges evaluate each competitor’s performance and assigns scores for accuracy, technique, presentation, and difficulty. Judges use the World Taekwondo scoring system to evaluate competitors’ performances.

Elimination of highest and lowest scores

The highest and lowest scores given by the judges are dropped to eliminate any extreme scoring. This helps ensure that the scores are fair and that individual judges’ biases do not affect the final score.

Calculation of the final score

The remaining scores are averaged to determine the final score for the competitor. The final score for each competitor is the total score obtained from all judges divided by the number of judges.

Declaration of winner

The competitor with the highest score at the end of the competition is declared the winner. In the case of a tie, judges use the following criteria in the following order to determine the winner:

  1. The competitor with the higher score in accuracy.
  2. The competitor with the higher score in presentation.
  3. The competitor with the higher score in technique.
  4. The competitor with the higher score is in difficulty.

Conclusion

The scoring system used in poomsae competitions is based on a scale of 1 to 10, with scores for accuracy, technique, presentation, and difficulty. The highest and lowest scores are dropped, and the remaining scores are averaged to determine the final score for each competitor. The competitor with the highest score at the end of the competition is declared the winner, with tiebreakers used in case of a tie. The scoring system ensures that poomsae competitions remain fair and objective and that the best competitor wins.

 

Scoring Criteria for Poomsae Competitions

The scoring system used in poomsae competitions is based on a scale of 1 to 10, with 10 being the highest score possible. A panel of judges evaluate each competitor’s performance and assign scores for accuracy, technique, presentation, and difficulty. The highest and lowest scores are dropped, and the remaining scores are averaged to determine the final score for the competitor.

Judging Criteria

Accuracy

  • The extent to which a competitor performs each movement correctly
  • Minor mistakes are deducted 0.1-0.3 points
  • Significant mistakes are deducted 0.5-1.0 points

Examples of minor mistakes:

  • Failure to fully extend arms or legs during a movement
  • Failure to maintain a proper stance during a movement
  • Failure to maintain proper hand and foot positioning during a movement

Examples of major mistakes:

  • Failure to complete a movement
  • Stepping out of bounds
  • Falling during the performance

Technique

  • The level of skill and control demonstrated by the competitor during the performance
  • Minor mistakes are deducted 0.1-0.3 points
  • Major mistakes are deducted 0.5-1.0 points

Examples of minor mistakes:

  • Lack of fluidity between movements
  • Lack of power in executing movements
  • Failure to maintain proper breathing

Examples of major mistakes:

  • Lack of balance during a movement
  • Lack of control in executing movements
  • Failure to follow the proper sequence of movements

Presentation

  • The overall performance of the poomsae, including rhythm, tempo, and expression
  • Minor mistakes are deducted 0.1-0.3 points
  • Major mistakes are deducted 0.5-1.0 points

Examples of minor mistakes:

  • Lack of energy or enthusiasm in performing
  • Failure to maintain eye contact with the judges
  • Failure to project confidence during the performance

Examples of major mistakes:

  • Failure to maintain proper timing with the music
  • Failure to maintain proper posture during the performance
  • Failure to maintain proper tempo throughout the performance

Difficulty

  • The level of complexity and challenge of the poomsae sequence being performed
  • The difficulty of the poomsae is pre-determined based on their ranking
  • The higher the rank of the poomsae, the more points are awarded for their execution

Minor and Major Deductions

Minor and major deductions are applied when a competitor makes mistakes during their performance. Minor deductions range from 0.1 to 0.3 points, while major deductions range from 0.5 to 1.0 points.

Minor deductions may be applied for small errors or inconsistencies in a competitor’s performance. Examples of minor mistakes include fully extending the arms or legs during a movement or maintaining proper hand and foot positioning during a movement.

Major deductions are applied for more significant errors or mistakes that impact the overall quality of the performance. Examples of major mistakes include falling during the performance, stepping out of bounds, or failing to complete a movement.

Conclusion

The scoring criteria for poomsae competitions is designed to evaluate a competitor’s accuracy, technique, presentation, and difficulty. Minor and major deductions are applied for mistakes made during the performance, with varying point values assigned depending on the severity of the error. By adhering to these guidelines, judges can ensure fair and impartial competition that rewards the highest level of skill and execution.

Recognised Poomsae (10)

In World Taekwondo competitions, poomsae are scored based on two main criteria: accuracy and presentation. The total score is out of 10 points.

Accuracy (4 points)

The accuracy of the poomsae is scored based on the following:

  • Accuracy of basic movements: Judges look for the correct execution of basic movements such as stances, kicks, and blocks.
  • Balance: Judges look for balance and stability throughout the poomsae.
  • Accuracy of details: Judges evaluate the precision and correctness of each movement in the poomsae.

Presentation (6 points)

The presentation score is based on the following:

  • Speed and power: Judges look for a balance between speed and power in the execution of the poomsae.
  • Strength/speed/rhythm: Judges evaluate the strength, speed, and rhythm of the movements in the poomsae.
  • Expression of energy: Judges assess the performer’s expression of energy, attitude, and focus during the performance.

By considering both accuracy and presentation, judges can determine the total score for each poomsae. Competitors who score higher points can advance further in the competition.

Free Style Poomsae (10)

Free Style Poomsae is a competition event in which the athletes create and perform their poomsae based on the technical skills and creativity of the individual athlete or team. The performance is judged based on technical skills and presentation.

Technical Skills (6)

The technical skills category accounts for the majority of the score in freestyle poomsae. The following factors are considered in scoring:

Level of difficulty of foot techniques (5)

The level of difficulty of foot techniques is determined by the complexity of the movements performed by the athlete. The following factors are considered in the scoring of this category:

  • Height of jump
  • Number of kicks in jump
  • A gradient of spins in a spin kick
  • The performance level of consecutive kicks
  • Acrobatic actions

Basic movements & Practicability (1)

This category evaluates the accuracy and degree of completion of the basic movements and overall practicability of the poomsae.

Presentation (4)

The presentation category evaluates the overall aesthetic quality of the poomsae performance. The following factors are considered in scoring:

  • Creativeness
  • Harmony
  • Expression of energy
  • Music & Choreography

In conclusion, Free Style Poomsae is an exciting competition requiring high technical skill and creativity. Athletes must perform a poomsae that is both technically challenging and visually appealing to the judges.

Code of Conduct for Poomsae Referees

Poomsae referees are expected to adhere to a strict code of conduct, which includes the following:

Professionalism

Referees are expected to maintain a professional demeanour, which includes showing respect towards competitors, fellow referees, and officials.

Impartiality

Referees are expected to be impartial in their judgments and decisions. They should avoid any actions or behaviours perceived as biased or discriminatory.

Respect and Fairness

Referees should treat all competitors with respect and fairness, regardless of their background or experience.

Compliance with Rules and Regulations

Referees are expected to uphold the rules and regulations of World Taekwondo and ensure that all competitors follow these rules.

Conclusion

Poomsae referees ensure that poomsae competitions are conducted fairly and impartially. They are expected to adhere to a strict code of conduct, which includes maintaining a professional and impartial demeanour, treating all competitors with respect and fairness, avoiding any actions or behaviours that could be perceived as biased or discriminatory, and upholding the rules and regulations set forth by World Taekwondo. By adhering to these standards, referees help to promote a positive and inclusive environment for all competitors.

Understanding Poomsae Referee Hand Signals in Taekwondo

Taekwondo Poomsae referee in uniform demonstrating start, stop, deduction, disqualification, warning, score, and time hand signals against a neutral background.
Poomsae is a fundamental aspect of Taekwondo, showcasing the art’s beauty, precision, and technical mastery. As in any competitive setting, communication between referees and practitioners is crucial for a fair and efficient assessment. One key method of communication is through referee hand signals, which convey decisions, scores, and instructions without verbal commands. This blog post will guide you through the most common poomsae referee hand signals, providing a clear understanding of what each represents.

1. Start

Image Description: A referee standing upright, looking directly at the competitor, with one arm extended forward at shoulder height, palm facing down. This signal indicates the beginning of the poomsae performance. It signals the competitor that they have the clearance to start their routine.

2. Stop

Image Description: A referee in a standing position, with one arm raised upwards at a right angle, palm facing forward. Used to halt the performance, this signal can be given if there is a need to interrupt the poomsae due to an external disturbance or if the competitor has made a significant error requiring the performance to stop.

3. Deduction

Image Description: A referee making a small chopping motion downwards with one hand, the edge of the hand facing the competitor. This gesture signifies that a deduction has been made from the competitor’s score. It is typically followed by a signal indicating the reason for the deduction.

4. Disqualification

Image Description: A referee crossing both arms in front of them, forming an “X”. This severe signal indicates that the competitor has been disqualified from the round or competition, often due to a major rule violation or inability to continue.

5. Warning

Image Description: A referee holding one arm out to the side, palm facing down, and tapping the elbow with the opposite hand. A warning signal, which does not immediately affect scores but indicates a minor infraction that could lead to deductions if repeated.

6. Score

Image Description: A referee with arms extended out to the front, palms facing up, moving up and down in a small motion. This signal is used to indicate that scores are being given. Referees use this signal to communicate the score range they have awarded for the performance.

7. Time

Image Description: A referee tapping their wrist, where a watch would typically be, with the opposite hand. Indicates issues related to timing, either signaling that the competitor is running out of time or that there has been a timekeeping error.

Conclusion

Understanding these referee hand signals is crucial for competitors, coaches, and spectators to fully appreciate the dynamics of a Taekwondo poomsae competition. By familiarizing yourself with these gestures, you’ll gain deeper insight into the sport’s conduct and the principles of fair play and respect that underpin Taekwondo. Remember, these signals are a silent language, bridging the gap between referees and practitioners, ensuring clarity and fairness in every performance.

Conclusion

Referees judge poomsae competitions according to strict rules and guidelines set forth by World Taekwondo. Poomsae referees are essential in ensuring that competitions are conducted fairly and impartially.

By adhering to their roles and responsibilities, judging criteria, and code of conduct, referees can help to create a positive and inclusive environment for all competitors. The scoring system used in poomsae competitions is based on a scale of 1 to 10, with 10 being the highest score possible.

It is essential that poomsae referees must uphold the highest standards of professionalism and impartiality and treat all competitors with respect and fairness. By doing so, they help to promote the values of Taekwondo, which include discipline, respect, and fairness.

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